Shipping Terms

Shipping Terms

The shipping industry has a lingo all its own that it may be helpful for you to learn. If you are entering into exportation and importation business, it is important that you master these terms.

CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight)

This term indicates that the insurance on the cargo and freight are to be taken care of by the exporter until the consignment gets to the point of delivery. For example, at CIF New York, implies that the exporter will be paying the shipping cost as well as the insurance of goods from the point of departure to New York. The term also implies that the importer is responsible for any other cost and insurance outside New York. In other words, the responsibility of the importer starts once the consignment gets to New York while the responsibility of the exporter ends when the consignment gets to New York.

Best Way

This phrase means that the shipper may use any carrier that charges the lowest price for the shipment of the goods in question. However, in certain circumstances the shipper may opt for a carrier that charges a larger amount. If the carrier offers a faster delivery time, or a better insurance rate, or something like that, the shipper may choose that one.

Free Carrier

This means that the shipper has to hand over the goods to the carrier indicated by the importer who will take charge of the consignment once the exporter hands them over.

Free Alongside Ship (FAS)

This means that the goods will be sent alongside the vessel by the exporter to the stipulated port.

DAF (Delivery at Frontier)

This is an acronym for delivered at frontier which means that the goods will be cleared before the customs by the exporter.

DDU (Delivery Duty Unpaid)

DDU means delivered duty unpaid. This term indicates that the goods will be delivered by the seller at the stipulated destination.

DDP (Delivery Duty Paid)

This means that upon delivering the goods at the stipulated destination, the exporter has to pay the charges for the delivery of goods.

Tips for Shipping

No matter which method of shipping you’re using, there are a few tips that you may find helpful. Here are a few tips that you may be able to apply to your business.

It’s important to use a shipping firm that’s reliable. This means you’ll have to do research on shipping firms up front. The internet is a good resource for this task. Read reviews of shipping firms you’re considering. Ask questions about the reliability of the firms so that you know who you’re getting into business with.

Make sure you’re packing your goods in the right box. This will help you to eliminate or reduce breakage that occurs on the way. You should create a list of all the items you’re shipping and have the shipping company sign this list before and after your shipment, so that nothing is lost during delivery.

Shipping in General

Shipping refers to the transportation of cargo by various means, and especially by ship on large water bodies such as the ocean. Shipping can also be done when transportation is done on land or air. Therefore, shipping is taken to be a generic term for transportation of large volumes of goods. Due to the expensive nature of building production facilities with close proximity to ports and limited availability of land, goods have to be transported for long distances from the point of origin to the destination, on land via air or sea, and back to land.

Shipping via land or sea costs less than transportation via the air. Cheapest of all, though, is sea transport. This is because there’s no infrastructure required to ship via the oceans. On land, for trucks, you need roads, truck stops, mechanics, toll booths, etc. Or for trains, you need train tracks and the entire rail system. And for air travel you need airports and all the infrastructure that comes with flying.

Much shipping is done on ships, because although this method is slow, it is the least expensive. Ships can be very large, so they can carry even the largest sizes of goods. There are some types of cargo that are not suitable for ships, though. Anything perishable may not be able to last the length of the long trip. Foodstuffs are probably not suitable, because cargo can take such a long time to reach its destination.

The fastest, but most expensive mode of transport, is air shipping. Air shipping also limits the size of shipments. This form of transport is typically only used for commodities that are urgent, but light.

Land transport is the most common means of shipping when it comes to inland transport. If the road infrastructure is elaborate, shipping by land can be as effective as sea shipping, although at a lesser degree.

When you want to ship cargo, it may be a good idea to learn some of the technical terms used in the industry so you’ll be up to speed. Some of the terms are common and can be understood by anybody around the world. You can also find some terms that are localized. Some terms spell out the responsibility of the exporter and the importer. For example, the term Free on Board should not bring confusion that the shipping is done freely. It simply means that the exporter is supposed to deliver cargo at the location that was specified. The cargo should also be delivered on board the shipping vessel.

As the cargo remains in the vessel, the exporter is charged with paying for the load, its security from theft or damage by the elements. Condensation is especially a major cause for worry among shipping agents. Vibration of the cargo is another problem that occurs if it is not secured firmly in the holding, causing it to move back and forth.

Understanding Residential Storage

Residential storage is a widely used service offered by various companies. One of the common applications of this service is when customers are moving. Customers can transfer their belongings slowly to a storage container as they vacate one premises, and then can transfer them into their new residence when ready. Individuals planning to shift from one state to another in the shortest time possible use this service.

As the economy recovers, business trips are increasing in number and there is a greater change that corporations and private companies will shift from one place to another. Corporate relocation is on demand especially in Africa. More and more companies are focusing on Africa because it offers plenty of space for expansion. Generally corporations prefer to shift their goods rather than buy new ones, so they can save on unnecessary costs. Bookings of residential storage in ports and other facilities have never been busier.

Commercial moving is entirely dependent on profit margins. If businesses can afford an appropriate service that will move their goods safely with a minimum of hassle, and if using that service is less expensive than buying new furniture or supplies, they will use that service. Office moving is only one element of the larger category of commercial moving. It entails things like the transfer of shelves, computers, desks, and other office equipment.

It is important to note that residential storage is relatively inexpensive. Companies such U-Haul, CubeSmart, and Mobile Mini are well known providers of residential storage. Storage containers are widely available throughout the country, and wherever you’re located you probably know of storage units nearby.

When choosing a company to provide you with residential storage, you’ll want to consider a number of things. First of all, have you created a realistic budget for this storage need, potentially as a part of your larger moving budget (depending on your situation)? Compare the prices of companies in your area if flat rates are listed on the company’s website, or if quotes are available. Second of all, does the provider use appropriate security measures on all of their storage units or containers? Consider honestly the personal cost of having your belongings stolen or damaged, and make your decision accordingly. Third, are the company’s storage spaces properly sealed against weather, humidity, and bugs or animals? Finally, are the containers offered by the company an appropriate size for your needs, so you’re not paying for space you don’t need, and also not cramming too many items into too small or an area and potentially damaging them? Residential storage is a great resource when you find a provider who suits your specific needs!

Storage Containers at a Glance

Storage containers come in a variety of sizes, from 8-40 feet in length. In order to maintain safety standards, steel containers should adhere to the ISO standards to ensure the safest and most durable storage.

A storage container should be designed and built to withstand any amount of weather, even up to hurricane-force winds. The gauge of the steel usually determines the strength of the container. Some containers can be customized to a customer’s unique specifications. For example, you can request office doors, roll up doors, electrical, insulation & drywall, vents, air conditioning and heating, and windows. Come containers can be used as temporary offices and include lights, outlets, tile flooring, and more.

Steel containers are suitable for the transportation of various materials such as chemicals, paint and coatings, food, pharmaceutical products, and even hazardous waste. Other everyday commodities such as clothes, cars, and military supplies can also be transported this way.

Container shipping has reduced the cost of transporting goods from one point to another. Preloading goods will help increase efficiency, and the containers can be loaded using cranes. Fright handling has evolved to be cheaper and more efficient these days – calculations based on the size and number of cargo containers can be done easily. Loading and offloading is now twenty times faster than when shipping was done with boxes and containers of random sizes.

The wide use of steel containers has facilitated both transatlantic and domestic shipping. Containers also make carrying packaged goods easy and help to consolidate many small items into a single shipping unit. Since the advent of air transport, passenger transport on ships reduced drastically.

That leaves ships for shipping cargo and mail. Container shipping uses ships that are highly specialized to carry large, heavy loads. A lot of cargo shipping today involves liquids such as petroleum. Tankers have specially designed containers that are able to carry millions of metric tons of petroleum, liquefied naturals gas (LNG), wine, liquid chemicals, refrigerated goods, and other liquids. Due to the sensitive nature of their cargo, steel containers must be very strong to minimize damage caused by accidents. In the past, there were many incidents in which dangerous chemicals spilled into the sea due as a result of storm damage, collisions, or leaks. This has raised cries from various environmental conservation activists, who demand that such transportation across the oceans cease.

Despite these huge challenges, shipping using steel containers is still a popular choice for many importers and exporters because of their ability to withstand many hardships in the oceans during transit.

Styles and Types of Portable Storage Rental Units

When you’re looking at portable storage units, you have a lot of options available to you. Here are a few of the different varieties of units you can expect to find.
A refrigeration unit provides a climate control effect through a process that involves removal of heat from one state to another, preferably from a low temperature to a higher one. Any clients looking for this type of unit to maintain their perishable or climate-controlled goods should call ahead to a company that provides such units for a reservation and price quote. If the company can’t provide a unit, they can recommend another facility in the area.

Other types of rental storage include public warehousing and port centric warehousing. Public warehousing involves renting a warehouse for a specific amount of time for a certain fee. Most facilities offer their own terms and conditions and may terminate a contract if those terms are exceeded. For instance, if an owner and a renter had agreed to rent a warehouse for a specified number of hours, the renter should not exceed the time limit agreed upon. If he does so, then an additional amount will likely be due to the owner.

Many rental storage containers are also used for transportation of items, and the cost is dependent on the distance and weight. Boat storage is one of the fastest growing businesses in America today. Not only is it luxurious, but also relatively inexpensive and reliable. On weekends and during holidays, it’s nearly impossible to book a reservation for this type of storage. The good news is that the number of companies offering this service is fairly high, so interested parties can find something pretty easily.

The two core factors to consider in the boat storage business are boat licenses and deposits. Anyone considering this sort of service must deal with these two things. Anyone who refuses to pay a deposit will not get the service. Secondly, these services only apply only to individuals who hold a valid driver’s license. If you haven’t met these two standards, then you won’t be able to use the service. Many business also will not offer refunds, so it’s best to know that going in.

If you have any questions about boat storage rental or warehouse rental, please contact a local service provider and let them know. There are a number of regulations and concerns regarding these services, so it’s best to stay well informed!

The Many Uses of Steel Containers and Storage Units

Steel containers, much like every other container, are available in a variety of sizes. Most typically, containers made with steel come in small, medium, and large sizes. You can find ten, twenty, and forty-foot containers pretty easily. The size your business should use depends entirely on the items you plan to store. The size of each unit also determines its price for rental, so it is important to take size into consideration when you are deciding on one.

If you need more space, you can opt for high cube steel containers. The length of these containers is normally 45×6 feet or so, with a width up to a possible 9 feet. Containers this large are suitable for the storage of heavy construction equipment, small vehicles, and the like.

Reefers, or refrigerated containers, are a type of steel container that offers a temperature control system. You’ll also find these containers in a variety of sizes. While you can store anything requiring climate control in these units, they are mostly used for the storage of perishable items.

As you can see, there are (literally) tons of different uses for steel containers. Everything from machinery and vehicles to light materials and ordinary goods can be stored this way. Many different industries and individuals can find uses for these containers. Here are a few examples:

Site Offices

During road construction and other big projects, big steel containers are normally used as site offices. It’s often easier to use these containers than it is build temporary office space in a construction zone. After the construction work, the containers can also be used for other purposes.

Laundries and Locker Rooms

Steel containers can also be turned into laundries and locker rooms. Many companies also use them as industrial kitchens.

Living Units

Big steel containers can be used as living units, much like dormitories. A lot of features can be included to make the units more livable for the occupants. Lights, heating, and a variety of other amenities are added to make them suitable for living.

Mobile Workshops

Steel containers are used by many people as mobile workshops. Thanks to the malleability of metal, it’s possible to include a lot of features and customization during construction of the container. If you’re curious, just ask.

Understanding the Process of Renting Storage Units

If you’re looking for a good storage facility, it’s wise to plan some site visits. This gives you a chance to see for yourself how the storage units are arranged. Whether you’re looking for a long-term solution or a temporary one for storing your belongings, make sure you keep an eye out for an excellent facility that’s priced right for your budget.

Your ideal storage company is the one that takes commitment to integrity and truthfulness seriously. Even when you’re not sure what size or type of storage unit you will need, a business with good customer service will always be happy to help. When you find a company like that, they’re much easier to trust. You’ll also want to ask about the types of things they typically allow to be stored in their facility.

Example of things stored in storage rentals include:

Office Files
Work equipment
Motorcycles & Bicycles
Old Video Games
Model Trains

How renting storage works

Rental contracts are typically paid month-to-month — renters usually pay a small rental fee at the first of every month until they no longer need the storage space.

Storage rental agreements are a major consideration when choosing which unit to rent. Here are some terms that you should know if you are renting a storage unit:

Term – The period of the tenancy and the minimum rental term.
Rent – The amount for the rent and the date it’s due.
Change of Address – If you need to update your address, this is the process used.
Administration Fee – Non-refundable administration charge accepted to rent/reserve unit.
Security Deposit – Lessee pays security deposit in advance for stated amount.
Notices – All notices go through first class mail postage to lessee’s last known address. All constitutional notices should be sent as required by law.
No Warranties – No implied or expressed warranties are prearranged by the facility owner.
No Oral Agreements – Agreements of any kind for rental or lease should be in writing, and oral agreements are not applicable.
Succession – All necessities of this rental agreement apply to and will be obligatory upon all successors in concern, representatives of the parties here to.
Enforcement – If whichever part of this rental contract is unenforceable for any reason, in any circumstance, the two parties agree that such issues shall be enforceable in specific circumstances and the residual parts of this contract will be legal and enforceable.

Late Charges and Other Fees:

Denial of Access
Release of operator’s liability for property damage
Release of operator’s liability for bodily injury

You should never sign a contract that you haven’t read through and understood in its entirety. For any questions concerning legality, confer with your legal advisor.

History of Residential Storage Units

The history of the storage unit can be traced to ancient times. Historical evidence shows us that storage facilities existed as far back as ancient China. However, the residential storage facilities we know today came about in the 1960s. One of the first storage units in the United States was established by the Collum family in 1958 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Thanks to the success of these early storage facilities, more were built as time went on and demand increased. This gave rise to the development of new residential storage facilities. By 2009, there were already about 58,000 storage facilities owned by 30,235 companies across the United States. There are many people today who are starting their own storage business, as well as many families enjoying the convenience of residential storage units.

Features of Residential Storage

Residential units have some features that differentiate them from other units, such as the absence of windows in the unit. They often feature a roll-up metal door, similar to a one-car garage door, through which the renter or storage operator can access the facility. The facility often has corrugated metal walls, and after a tenancy agreement is signed, there is a provision for the renter to lock the unit.

Many storage facilities offer specially controlled security features like security cameras, electronic gate access, unit door alarms, fire alarm systems, and more. In some residential facilities, biometric thumbprint or hand scanners are utilized in order to make sure that only authorized persons have access. Some residential storage units also offer climate control and upgraded lighting.

The value of a storage unit depends on the number of features it offers. Most business owners include a number of features in their storage facilities in order distinguish them from competitors. These special features do tend to come at a higher cost for the renter. Residential storage units are available also in different sizes. The 10×5 ft unit size is the most popular. Other sizes include 20×20, 15×20, and 10×20.

There’s always a size that will suit any need. However, the cost of the residential storage unit depends on its size as well as the features that are available, such as climate control or outdoor-only storage.

Storage facilities are not only available in the urban areas. There are also storage facilities in most rural areas for those that may need extra space beyond their homes. While not everyone will need a storage unit, here are a few examples of people who may find them useful:

Families that have little space to store their belongings
Families that are renovating their homes and are looking for storage units to park their belongings in order to make space for the renovation work
Families that are still looking for new accommodations
Families that have heirlooms to secure that they do not want store in their homes

Understanding Refrigerated Storage

You need refrigerated storage suited to your unique needs. Temperature-controlled warehouses offer storage for goods on the ground, while transport units can also be temperature controlled to preserve perishable goods in transit from one facility to the other.

So how do you figure out what you need, specifically? If you need to transport meats, for instance, you would consider the type of meat and the volume. Large volumes require more powerful refrigeration units. Companies that offer storage facilities will usually provide information regarding the quality and capacity of their facilities. You can compare the prices and make an educated decision about the facility. However, the greatest consideration should be for the facility that caters for your refrigeration needs perfectly regardless of how much it costs. This will help to minimize other costs if the commodities are not properly refrigerated.

Here are some things to consider when choosing refrigerated storage services:

  • Location. Is the service close enough to your business to allow for fast delivery, which will ensure your goods stay fresh?
  • Price vs. quality. As mentioned above, you need find the best provider available in your area for the money. Making a realistic budget ahead of time is a great way to prepare.
  • Security. Will you feel comfortable leaving your goods in the storage units of the company you choose? Make sure they have appropriate security measures in place.
  • Space. Does the vendor have an appropriate amount of space available for the contents you intend to store there? Do the math up front so you don’t realize too late that a few months down the line, the facility will no longer fit your needs.
  • Humidity. Should be controlled at about 50%.

The best way to ensure all these are in order is to actually visit the facility. Don’t rely on the word of its management. It is better to be safe than sorry later on when you realize that what was advertized is not available or is substandard. Before you sign the contract awarding the tender to a certain service provider, read the terms and conditions very carefully to avoid unfavorable clauses and hidden charges.

There are many facilities you can utilize for refrigerated storage. The only suitable facility for you may be one that’s located very near your manufacturing plant or other base of operations. Special storage containers make this possible in most places. You can decide to lease or buy your own container. Containers come in various shapes and sizes that will suit your specific needs. Some refrigerated storage providers offer cold storage facilities as well as inspection, and import and export of goods.

Containers are suitable for smaller-sized cargo, but you can use refrigerated warehouses if you have massive cargo to store. Companies can offer you a preexisting warehouse, or they can build a new one especially for you. If you have the resources, erecting your own storage warehouse is preferable, as you can customize it to fit your needs exactly as you want it. If you do choose to erect your own, you’ll want to look for the most effective refrigeration that’s at an  appropriate, economical price for your business and your budget. Consider your storage needs in one month, six months, one year, two years, and five years. Do you really know exactly what they’ll be? You may want to budget extra space for possible expansion during the building process, because it will be more difficult to renovate your facility down the line than to build it large enough to begin with.

Understanding Refrigerated Storage Units

The ability to transport perishable items without allowing them to spoil has always been a delicate issue. Storage options must be set up to protect the goods they hold. In a refrigerated storage unit with internal mechanism, air moves from the bottom to the top of the container as the warm air draw from the interior of the container is cooled in the cooling units of the reefer. Once sufficiently cooled, it’s blown back through the interior of the storage unit to keep everything regulated at the appropriate temperature.

There are gratings on the floor of the storage unit to make sure there is proper circulation of cold air throughout the container. Pallets maintain a layer of space between the cargo and the container, forming a perfect channel for air flow to keep the cool temperature maintained.

The refrigerated storage unit comes with corrugated side walls, which is meant to ensure that air flows properly. Enough space is allowed at the sides and at the top of the container to maintain proper air flow, which keeps everything functional. It also means that refrigerated units can’t be packed completely full, since this wouldn’t allow the cool air to move. About 12 cm of space should be allowed above the cargo. You’ll find a mark on the side walls to indicate the maximum height of goods in any refrigerated storage unit. It’s important that the goods are neatly packed in the unit without overfilling it to ensure that there is vertical airflow from the bottom to the upper portion of the storage unit.

While a refrigerated storage unit’s defining characteristic is its ability to properly regulate temperature for the storage of perishable goods, the unit is also able to allow the exchange of controlled fresh air. This helps to remove metabolic elements like ethylene and carbon dioxide from fruits and vegetables if needed. Depending on the operating mode of the unit, there may also be a measurement for the supply and return of air temperature.

Refrigerated storage units normally come with a temperature display feature, which helps a lot with monitoring them in their storage facility. Typically, these displays are located on the outside of the unit so operators can easily monitor the operation of the unit without interrupting the system. The displays can come in either analog or digital, depending on the company and container.

Another type of refrigerated storage container is known as a porthole container, though it’s typically considered an insulated container rather than a refrigerated one. The container has no internal refrigerated unit. The benefit this offers when compared to an actual refrigerated unit is that you can pack it more full, since air flow isn’t a concern. If shipped overseas via boat, the central cooling plant provides cold air to the container if needed. If it is used elsewhere, there is often a terminal refrigerator available that helps in controlling the temperature